thematic paper had two objectives; 1) to study contents and essential teaching
found in Subhasutta, 2) to study insight meditation development in Subhasutta.
The study was qualitative research by taking primary source from Theravada
Buddhist texts and concerned documents. The collected data was analyzed,
approved by advisor then re-corrected and composed in descriptive style to
comply with objects of research.
results were found that ‘Subhasutta’ is the sutta which Ananda delivered to Subhamanava in order to persuade him
in observing morality (Sīlakhandha) which was one path for insight
meditation practice composed of; 1) Sammāvācā or right speech, no lying ,no
gibe, no harsh words, no prate, 2) Sammākammanta or right actions; no killing
animals, stealing, no misconducts on sexuality, 3)Sammā-ājīvo or the right livelihood by avoiding wrong living,
following teaching of Buddha, encouraging effort, setting in three main path
which is maintaining of mindfulness and awareness. The perfect morality will
occur with concentration aggregate or noble concentration aggregate which
refers to mind development of oneself, purifying mind from greed or lust.
Practitioners must apply mindfulness, with right views as president which later
will become the base of noble eightfold path. They can gain the right
knowledge, right liberation which one can see and experience by himself,
bending into the innate mind and belonging to the wise who individually
realizes the great wisdom or noble wisdom. For insight meditation practice,
Buddha taught people to live with morality, not concern with other activity.
After Ven. Ananda finished delivering dhamma, Subha, a young man announced himself
as Buddhist laity. When one lives in morality, gaining happiness which come
from entering worldly first absorption up to eight absorption then uplifts his
mind to develop insight by observing true manners of appearing and extinction
of name and forms until entering into great wisdom or insight knowledge. The
profit of Subbhasutta is the gains of worldly happiness and entering the nine
transcendent spheres composing of 4 path, 4 fruit and 1 Nibbana.